MAZARATS

RELIVE THE FOOTSTEPS

MAKKAH (مكه)

To Muslims Makkah is regarded the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Makkah is home to the Kaaba, Islam’s holiest site, used as the direction of Muslim prayer. Makkah used to be ruled by descendants of prophet Muhammad (pbuh) , known as the Sharif’s, acting as either independent rulers or as leaders to larger polities. In 1925 Makkah was conquered by Ibn Saud. Today Makkah has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, structures including the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world’s third tallest building and the building with the largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Makkah is home to many Islamic historical and archaeological sites. More than 15 million Muslims visit Makkah annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. Makkah has become one of the most diverse cities in the Muslim world, despite the fact that non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022
| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

MINA (منى)

Mina is located in the East of Makkah and is a 5km valley. During Hajj, the pilgrims stay in this valley on 8th of Dhul Hajj and then on 10th to 13th of Dhul Hajj.

Mina is well known for how busy it gets during the annual Hajj pilgrimage and also known as the “tent city”. More than 100,000 air-conditioned tents provide temporary accommodation to visiting pilgrims during the blessed Hajj days. The Jamarat Bridge is situated in the valley of Mina, this is the location of the Stoning of the shaitan ritual, performed between sunrise and sunset on the last day of the Hajj. Mina is the place where pilgrims throw stones, in memory of the occasion that the Prophet Ibrâhîm stoned the shaitan when he tried to come between him and the command Allah had set him.

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022
| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

MOUNT OF RAMAH (جبل الرحمة)

Arafa’ or Arafat is a valley outside Makkah and is around 20km. On the 9th of Dhul haj, it is mandatory for all the pilgrims to reach and stay in the valley of Arafa’ and spend the day in making dua’s, doing dhikr and asking Allah (SWT) for forgiveness for all their sins; not doing so can invalidate their hajj. Jabal ur Rahamah or the Mount of Mercy is a mountain in the valley of Arafat and is about 70m high. The Prophet Mohammed SAW stayed on this mountain and made waqoof. Masjid e Nimra is a beautiful mosque. Two thirds of this mosque lie in the valley of Arafat while one third in the valley of Nimra and the valley of Urana’. The Sermon of Hajj today is delivered in Masjid e Nimra. Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) delivered the Sermon of Hajj while sitting on his camel (Quswa) in the valley of Urana’.It is mandatory for the pilgrims to offer Qsr and combined prayers of Dhur and Asr after the Sermon of Hajj in or around Masjid e Nimra, and then reach the valley of Arafat and make waqoof there, spending their time in making dua’s, dhikr and asking for forgiveness.

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

Arafat is a blessed place during Hajj and is the best place to make dua; on the 9th of Dhul hija it is known to be the best time to make dua and the best dua to make according to one hadith: It is better to make dua in the valley of Arafat while facing Qibla and raising your hands. If a person is late in reaching the valley of Arafat, but manages to spend some time in waqoof during the night between 9th and 10th of Dhul hija before Fajr, his Hajj is validated. It is a sunnah not to fast on the 9th of Dhul hijj if you are a Hajj pilgrim. However, if you are not a pilgrim, then fasting on 9th of Dhul hija is Mustahab and it expiates all the sins of the previous year and for the next year, according to one hadith.

References:

[1] Sahih Muslim, Kitab ul Hajj, Hadith: 1218

[2] Tirmidhi, Kitab udda’waat, Hadith : 3585

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

MUZDALIFAH (مزدلفة)

Muzdalifah is located in the province of Makkah. It is mostly a flat land and lies between Mina and Arafat. During hajj, pilgrims travel from Mina to Arafat on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah. They spend the whole day at Arafat and after sunset they leave for Muzdalifah , all the while reciting talbiyah. When pilgrims reach Muzdalifah they perform the Maghrib prayer, they can stay where ever they are. At Muzdalifah, the pilgrims sleep in open air and wake up early for fajr prayer just after Subh’ Sadiq. There is a hill in Muzdalifah known as “Mashar-ul-Haram”. It also has a mosque built on it. It is masnoon to make dua near Mashar-ul-Haram while facing the Qibla. Nowadays, the starting and ending boundary lines for Muzdalifah have been highlighted clearly so that the pilgrims know the area in which they are required to spend the night and to make duas. According to one hadith narrated by Arwa (RA), anyone who is able to offer fajr salah in Muzdalifah, has accomplished his Waqoof-e-Muzdalifah. Shortly after fajr prayer, the pilgrims leave for Mina. For the very old, sick or young children, it is permissable to leave Muzdalifah after the moon sets down, before the time of Fajr prayer starts. Pilgrims also collect pebbles for stoning the Jamarat at Muzdalifah. However, the pebbles for Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) were collected by Ibn Abbas (RA) from Mina.

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

There is a valley between Mina and Muzdalifah, called Wadi Muhasser. It was here that the army of Abraha and his elephants met the Wrath of Allah (SWT), the incident which is mentioned in Surah Al Fil in the Quran.

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

MUZDALIFAH (مزدلفة)

The Jamarat or stoning of the Shaitan (devil) is an important part of Hajj. The Jamarat used to firstly be three tall pillars in Mina, but since 2004, they have been replaced by high walls to avoid any accidents. Also a (one way) bridge has been made to make it easier for the Hujjaj (pilgrims) to pelt the Jamarat either from the bridge or from the ground. The three walls or Jamarat are named ; Jamarah-al-Oola or Jamarah-e-Sughra (meaning the first or the small Jamarah), Jamarah-al-Wusta (meaning the middle Jamarah) and Jamarah-al-Uqbah or Jamarah-al Kubra ( meaning the last or the largest Jamarah).

Hajj is an Ibadah that is a collection of rituals that commemorate the Sunnahs of Ibraheem (AS) and his family. Pelting the Jamarat represents the steadfastness of Ibraheem (AS) and Isma’eel (AS). When Ibraheem (AS) saw a dream for three consecutive nights that he was sacrificing his only son. He knew that as a Prophet, his dreams were true and a form of Wahi (revelation). So he took his son, Isma’eel (AS) along with him. On their way, he told his son about the dream. The son readily agreed to be sacrificed to please Allah.

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

Ibraheem (AS) and Isma’eel (AS) were walking towards Mina, they were approached by Shaitan. Shaitan tried to whisper and persuade Ibraheem (AS) not to sacrifice Isma’eel (AS). Shaitan appeared before Ibraheem(AS) three times at the points the Jamarat stand now. All three times he was pelted with stones by Ibraheem (AS) to ward him off and he remained steadfast to foolow the comman of Allah (swt) to sacrifice his son. When Ibraheem tried to sacrifice Isma’eel (AS), Allah was mightily pleased with him and blunted his blade. Ibraheem (AS) was sent a Ram from heaven to be sacrificed instead of Isma’eel (AS). For these reasons, the Hujjaj pelt stones at the Jamarat to commemorate the Sunnah of Ibraheem (AS).

Ideally, Hujjaj should be standing in such a way that on their left there is Makkah and on their right, there is Mina. But if it is impossible, stoning can be done in any position. Stoning of Jamarat starts on the 10th of Zil hajj. On the first day, only Jamarah-al-Uqbah is pelted with seven pebbles (usually collected at Muzdhalifah). Each pebble is thrown by saying AllahuAkbar.

On the 11th, 12th and 13th of Zilhajj, all three Jamarat in the sequence; Jamarah-al-oola, Jamarah-al-Wusta and Jamarah-al-Uqbah are pelted with seven pebbles each. After stoning each Jamarah, making dua is Musnoon, but no dua should be made after pelting the last Jamarah.

References:

[1] Surah Madinah-Saffaat 37: verse -102

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

GHAR THAWR (غار ثور)

When the Prophet (SAW) and Abu Bakr (RA) arrived at the cave on Mount Thawr, Abu Bakr (RA) entered first to clear away anything that might injure the Prophet (SAW). He found a few holes and stuffed them with pieces of cloth. The Prophet (s.a.w.) then entered and went to sleep on Abu Bakr(RA)’s lap. Suddenly, something stung Abu Bakr(RA)’s foot, but he did not twitch, fearing he would wake the Prophet (SAW). The pain was so intense that tears began to run down his cheeks and onto the Prophet (SAW)’s face. The Prophet (SAW) woke up and saw that Abu Bakr (RA) was in pain. He applied his spittle on the injury and the pain disappeared.

For three consecutive nights the Prophet (SAW) and Abu Bakr (RA) remained hidden in the cave. During this period, Abu Bakr (RA)’s son, Abdullah, would pass his nights nearby. The young man would return to Makkah very early in the morning so that the Quraysh had no idea that he had slept elsewhere. Each day in Makkah he collected information about the activities of the Quraysh, and each night went back to Jabl Thawr to inform the Prophet (SAW) and his father Abu Bakr (RA).

| MAZARATS | Alhadi Travel August 2022

Abu Bakr (RA)’s slave, Amir bin Fuhayra (RA), would graze Abu Bakr (RA)’s goats near the cave so that both men could drink fresh milk. Early the next morning Amir would drive the goats back to Makkah along the same route that Abu Bakr (RA)’s son took, to obscure his footprints.

When they were inside Allah (SWT) sent a spider to spin a web from a bush across the entrance to the cave. Allah (SWT) also commanded two doves to fly down between the spider and the tree, make a nest and lay eggs. Meanwhile the Quraysh search party scoured the area south of Makkah where the Prophet (SAW) and Abu Bakr (RA) where hiding. They came upon the mouth of the cave, and had they looked down while standing at the edge of the cave, they would have surely found the men they were hunting.

With the Quraysh so close to discovering their hiding place, Abu Bakr (RA) became very tense about the Prophet (SAW)’s safety. The Prophet (SAW) reassured him, “How can you be apprehensive about two with whom is a third, especially when the third one is Allah?”

On seeing the spider’s web and dove nest, the Quraysh concluded that no one could have entered the cave and left. Describing this amazing incident the Quran mentions in Surah Taubah:

“If ye help not (your leader), (it is no matter): for Allah did indeed help him, when the Unbelievers drove him out: he had no more than one companion; they two were in the cave, and he said to his companion, “Have no fear, for Allah is with us”: then Allah sent down His peace upon him, and strengthened him with forces which ye saw not, and humbled to the depths the word of the Unbelievers. But the word of Allah is exalted to the heights: for Allah is Exalted in might, Wise.“ [9:40]

After three days when they learnt that the search by the Quraysh had petered out. They left the cave and headed towards Yathrib (now known as Madinah) the daughter of Abu Bakr (RA) came to them bringing food for the journey. When they were about to start she could find nothing to tie it to their saddles with and so she undid her waistband, tore it in two, wore half and tied the food with the other half. This ready solution won her praise from the Prophet (SAW) who also named her ‘She of the two waist band’. After that the Muslims knew her by that name.

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